The climate varies widely throughout Europe as well as within each country. Currents in the Atlantic Ocean tend to moderate temperatures along the western coasts. However the climate of larger countries can cover a wide range of temperatures and conditions.
Using the Alps as a rough dividing line for the continent's climate, summers in the north are mild while winters can be cold and wet, whereas south of the Alps summers can be hot and dry and winters damp and cool. As always, temperatures are cooler at higher altitudes.
Northern Europe (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) has a temperate, pleasant climate. Winters can be crisp and quite revitalizing. The Midnight Sun is visible 24 hours a day in summer in the northernmost regions of these countries. The Northern Lights (or Aurora Borealis) can be observed in the sky over parts of Europe, with the best viewing from north of the Arctic Circle is from September through March. Central and Eastern Europe (Austria , Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia , Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland and Ukraine) experience temperate, cool summers with temperatures hovering around 25°C, and cold, cloudy, humid winters. This area features four distinct seasons having mountain snowfall in the winter and moderate to warm summers.
Southern and Mediterranean Europe (Croatia, Cyprus, southern France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Monaco, Portugal, Spain and Turkey) bask in bright sunlight throughout the year; the winters tend to be mild while summers are hot and dry.
English is widely used throughout Europe.
The other European languages widely used are Spanish, French and German
Experience Europe's extensive high-speed rail networks or navigate the waterways of Europe with a river cruise. Get on board of the famous sea cruise to see the volcanic islands of the Mediterranean or the great rivulets of Norway or simply hit travel the road.
Though Europe's rail network is an ample, enjoyable and convenient, there are times when travelling by air is the smarter option.
It is a well known fact that nothing beats the experience of a ride on the European rails.
In addition to high-speed trains, Europe’s rail network includes trains running locally and internationally, as well as night trains, scenic trains and Inter-City trains – all great options for more relaxing forays in Europe. Night trains offer fares for all budgets and are equipped with sleeping compartments in first class and couchettes in second class.
Some of the better known night trains are the Train hotel Elipsos linking Paris, Madrid, Barcelona, Zurich and Milan, the Riviera night train from Nice to Rome, and the Paris-Germany night train from Paris to Hanover, Berlin, Bremen and Hamburg.
If you enjoy traveling at your own pace, fly into any major European city, pick up a rental car and create your own itinerary and travel at your own pace.
Divided by north-south and east-west routes, Europe’s vast road network is officially known as the international E-road network; the roads cross national borders and are labeled with an "E" followed by a number.